What is a disability?

A person has a disability if they have difficulty moving, using their senses, or learning. Disabilities can be passed on by parents or caused by an injury or illness. Some disabilities don't have a known cause.

The disability may be a minor problem of movement, speech, sight or understanding; or it could be the complete loss of one or more senses. It can range from slight autism to being quadriplegic (not being able to move any limbs).

 

What is physical disability?

A physical disability means that a person cannot properly use their limbs or the whole body. That is why they have difficulty moving around and with everyday tasks like eating and showering. A physical disability is not an illness and cannot be treated or cured.

 

What causes physical disability?

A physical disability can be caused by an illness, genetic disorder or injury.

 

What is intellectual disability?

A person has an intellectual disability when they have difficulty learning basic skills like reasoning and paying bills. An intellectual difficulty is linked to the development of the brain. A problem with brain development may happen before birth, during birth or in the childhood years. It is not an illness and cannot be cured.

 

What causes intellectual disability?

An intellectual disability can be caused by an inherited genetic or metabolic factor or an injury or problem before, during birth or after birth.

 

What is sensory disability?

A sensory disability means that a person cannot see or hear very well. It is not an illness and cannot be cured.

 

What causes sensory disability?

A sensory disability can be caused by inherited genetic or metabolic factors or as a result of illness or injury.

 

For a list of childhood disabilities see - http://www.ciccparenting.org/childhooddisabilities.aspx

 

 

 

 

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